Full Implementation Guide

The theme for Sixth Grade Science is Scale, with Relative Position as an underlying concept. Sixth graders should begin to relate to the incredible size and distance of objects in the solar system, galaxy, and universe, as well as compare their world to the miniscule scale of microorganisms. Students will also understand how relative position affects such events as the appearance of the moon and the changing of the seasons. Students will experiment with heat, light, and sound, and begin to understand concepts of energy.

Earth's Moon

Moon

Benchmark: PDF - All matter is made up of atoms that are far too small to see.  Atoms are in perpetual motion and the more energy they contain the faster they move.  Atoms combine to form molecules.  Matter is made up of atoms and molecules that have measurable mass, volume, and density.  Density is a measure of the compactness of matter. 

Science Language: Glossary - Vocabulary (English - Spanish)

Student Checklist: PDF

Seasons

Leaf

Benchmark: PDF – The appearance of the lighted portion of the moon changes in a predictable cycle as a result of the relative positions of Earth, the moon, and the sun.  Earth turns on an axis that is tilted relative to the plane of Earth’s yearly orbit.  The tilt causes sunlight to fall more intensely on different parts of the Earth during various parts of the year.  The differences in heating of Earth’s surface and length of daylight hours produce the seasons

Science Language: Glossary - Vocabulary (English - Spanish)

Student Checklist: PDF

Solar System

 Satellite

Benchmark: PDF – The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun.  Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance from the sun, number of moons, size, composition, and ability to sustain life.  Every object exerts gravitational force on every other object depending on the mass of the objects and the distance between them.  The sun’s gravitational pull holds Earth and other planets in orbit.  Earth’s gravitational force holds the moon in orbit.  The sun is one of billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, that is one of billions of galaxies in the universe.  Scientists use a variety of tools to investigate the nature of stars, galaxies, and the universe.  Historically, cultures have observed objects in the sky and understood and used them in various ways.

Science Language: Glossary - Vocabulary (English - Spanish)

Student Checklist: PDF

Size, Motion, Distance

Galaxy

Benchmark: PDF - The solar system consists of planets, moons, and other smaller objects including asteroids and comets that orbit the sun.  Planets in the solar system differ in terms of their distance from the sun, number of moons, size, composition, and ability to sustain life.  Every object exerts gravitational force on every other object depending on the mass of the objects and the distance between them.  The sun’s gravitational pull holds Earth and other planets in orbit.  Earth’s gravitational force holds the moon in orbit.  The sun is one of billions of stars in the Milky Way galaxy, that is one of billions of galaxies in the universe.  Scientists use a variety of tools to investigate the nature of stars, galaxies, and the universe.  Historically, cultures have observed objects in the sky and understood and used them in various ways.

Science Language: Glossary - Vocabulary (English - Spanish)

Student Checklist: PDF

Microorganisms

Amoeba

Benchmark: PDF – Microorganisms are those living things that are visible as individual organisms only with the aid of magnification.  Microorganisms are components of every ecosystem on Earth.  Microorganisms range in complexity from single to multi-cellular organisms.  Most microorganisms do not cause disease and many are beneficial.  Microorganisms require food, water, air, ways to dispose of waste, and an environment in which they can live.  Investigation of microorganisms is accomplished by observing organisms using direct observation with the aid of magnification, observation of colonies of these organisms and their waste, and observation of microorganisms’ effects on an environment and other organisms.

Science Language: Glossary – Vocabulary (EnglishSpanish)

Student Checklist: PDF

 

Heat, Light, Sound

Wave

Benchmark:  PDF – Heat, light, and sound are all forms of energy.  Heat can be transferred by radiation, conduction and convection.  Visible light can be produced, reflected, refracted, and separated into light of various colors.  Sound is created by vibration and cannot travel through a vacuum.  Pitch is determined by the vibration rate of the sound source

Science Language: Glossary – Vocabulary (EnglishSpanish)

 

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