Who is considered a refugee?
- Any person who is outside the country of their nationality, and is unable to return to their country
- Any person unable to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country because of persecution or a well-founded fear of persecution based on:
- membership in a particular social group, or of a particular political opinion
Who decides who the refugee is?
- UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, known as the UN) conducts interviews to decide if a person should be granted refugee status.
- UNHCR seeks to find what it calls a durable solution for any refugee situation. There are three durable solutions:
1) Voluntary repatriation to the home country
2) Integration into asylum
3) Resettlement in a third country, such as the U.S.